Update: This study has since been superceded by the new and improved 2008 Edition

Since the rise of Internet Explorer, web designers have had to test their designs across multiple web browsers. No one likes it, but we’ve all copped it on the chin, written a few hacks and moved on with our lives. After all, 3 to 4 browsers aint that bad – and they finally seem to be getting their act together.

If Internet Explorer is the schoolyard bully making our web design lives a little harder, then Hotmail, Lotus Notes and Eudora are serial killers making our email design lives hell. Yes, it’s really that bad.

Inspired by the fantastic work of Xavier Frenette, we decided to put each of the popular email environments to the test and finalize once and for all what CSS is and isn’t supported out there.

  • Great post, it has always been sort of a grey zone with web based email clients. This makes it a bit more clear!

  • Jon

    Excellent resource! Thanks for putting the time into simplifying this for us.

  • Thanks for sharing this David! Definitely saving this for future reference. I appreciate you putting the time into compiling all of this for everyone.

  • Excellent. This is confirmation that we are not insane. Great resource!

  • Awesome. Thank you very much!
    Now I’ve got some real armour for heading into the HTML email battlefield. Although clearly you can’t have enough.

  • Thank you, thank you, thank you… and thank you.

    Just what I need now that a certain record company are constantly badgering me to create mailouts that look like the website. Was having huge probs with web-based email, so this is bloody perfect.

  • A fantastic resource for anyone designing CSS-based e-mails.

    I’ve bookmarked the page, and I’m sure I’ll be back. Thanks a lot for your efforts.

  • Asif

    Great work …

  • Excellent piece. Explains a lot of things about email I have received that didn’t look correct! And may also explain some porr results on certain mails I have sent.

  • Nice post! Sending elegantly formatted emails is always a problem especially with people using all the email clients in the world. Thanks for sharing this.

  • Darren

    I’ve been looking for this type of resource for a year now. Good lookin’ out!

  • David

    So if I leave out the block from the head and only place it in the body the support should be about the same if I had placed it in both areas? Only now hotmail will see it?

    I just coded a css email and hotmail showed nothing. Not even a bare bones version.

    I’m also going to send google a nice little letter telling them to get their act together with gmail. I use gmail and love it but it really should support css. The folks over at google are plenty smart enough to have figured it out by now.

    Thanks for the nice article!

  • Great post, as the others say, thank you for the hard work. many questions answered

  • Arnold

    Can u post some sample program about CSS

  • Arnold, if you’re looking for a sample CSS email template, the one available in this article is a great place to start.

    David, that’s right, placing the <style> element in the body is the way to go and won’t have any negative effects, except for Eudora, but as we illustrated that’s not really a problem because of its dismal CSS support.

  • Thank you very much for combining all data into a single article. It makes an excellent reference and removes most of “test and trial” and plain old guesswork. Most helpful!

  • AMC

    As a long-time, die-hard Eudora user, I agree that anything beyond the simplest markup is totally ignored … but keep in mind that Eudora users can choose “File > Open in Browser” to see HTML e-mails properly formatted. Don’t know how many do so, but for important e-mails or ones with interesting links, I usually do.

  • AMC

    in case I wasn’t totally clear … in Eudora, looking at an opened e-mail message that’s basically unreadable due to HTML markup (CSS or otherwise), the user chooses Open in Browser from the File menu. Eudora creates a temp .html file in file:///private/var/tmp/ and the message is shown is the user’s default browser, mark-up renders beautifully. This is the only way I can read my e-mails from AmEx …

  • This is fantastic, David. Thanks for putting the work into this. Instant reference bookmark…

  • What version of Lotus Notes client was used for this test? Just interested…

  • this can’t possibly be a current version of Lotus Notes. Without disclosure as to what version, this seems like an incomplete analysis.

  • Great work guys!

    I was using css in my mails without knowing this could be such a problem for all those different mail agents. I think I’m going to point this out in my class. Again it’s sad to see that the battle for consistency among utilities is going on…

  • Hey Ed,

    We tested the Notes compatibility on the latest version we could download from the IBM site. This was version 6.5.4, which was apparently released on March 27, 2005.

    If there is a more recent version of Notes that we can have access to, I’d be more than happy to replicate the test and update our findings.

  • ThatÂ¥s really great, david. Thanks for your fantastic work.

  • Patrick Corcoran

    Nice work. Well researched.

  • tribaldo

    Just say, thnx a lot! This guide is very useful for web developers. ;)

  • Joe

    Nice job on this article

  • If Eudora doesn’t support any properties whatsoever, how were you able to determine that it supports the type selector? How about making all of the test cases you used available so we can see the results for ourselves, including clients you haven’t tested?

  • With regards to putting the style element in the body instead of the head to support Hotmail, what happens if you just omit the start- and end-tags for the head and body elements? That is perfectly valid in HTML 4.01 (and earlier).

  • Lachlan, that’s a very good point and one that we overlooked. I just double checked the results and Eudora changed the font-size for a H1 we were testing and we mistakingly took that as it supporting the style we declared for that H1. Pretty silly oversight really.

    Here’s the test HTML and CSS we used for our testing. If you have any other suggestions, I’d love to hear them.

    In regards to omiting the head tags from the document, that’s something we’d have to test, I haven’t tried that one before.

  • You indicate that Hotmail supports background-images, but it doesn’t unfortunately :(
    I noticed Hotmail removes any CSS rule that uses a url().

  • Hotmail supports background images but you’ll need to put the style tag inside the body tags, not in the document head – last time I checked anyway. I still think you’re better off putting your CSS in the head of the doc and letting Hotmail fall back to unstyled content – its more reliable for the minority who use it.

  • I did put the style inside the body tags, but it didn’t work. I totally agree with you, but clients huh … They tell me a lot of our target audience still uses Hotmail (here in Holland), unfortunately :(

  • Very, very nice! Great work and I appreciate it. I am linking to this page from my Site!

  • Genial.

  • I think is the most useful analysis I’ve ever seen !

    Thanks a lot !

  • Wow, absolutly perfect info. I deal with HTML/Text (Multi) email on adaily basis. This is oging in my Links bar right now!

  • An outstanding research effort! The depth and detail of your findings is exceptional.
    Well done.

  • I noticed with a recent HTML mail I was forced to build (despite my desire to send only plain text e-mails) that Thunderbird will only render in quirks mode, regardless of the DOCTYPE used. So my beautiful, standards compliant work of art that renders beautifully in Firefox, has bugs in Thunderbird as a direct result of quirks mode.

  • Donna Zukowski

    I have a question about meta tags. I read somewhere that email programs ignore them. Should they be included? thanks

  • Donna Zukowski

    I’m also wondering is there anyway to keep on top of HTML specifications to lessen the amount of HTML winding up in SPAM?

  • Hey Donna, that’s correct, email clients don’t care about meta tags. As for your HTML code affecting your SPAM scoring, content is usually the offender as opposed to code – here’s a little more information on this.

  • Great work – thanks a lot. I’d like to mention one more Mac Client: PowerMail by CTM Development. Haven’t checked your test parameters with this one yet. Maybe I should…

  • If you comment each line of style within the body tag Lotus Notes will render them… Weird but true… Just thought I’d add this little pearl

  • Amber S.

    Finally – one place to go to for CSS & email info. When I created my company’s newsletter using CSS a year ago, you don’t know how many articles, blogs, and other sites I read trying to find out what was supported (along w/ a million test emails sent to my Hotmail, Gmail, and Outlook accounts)! Thanks so much for doing all this testing!

  • Danny Foo

    The charts definetely going to help when trying to figure out why certain properties aren’t working.

    A very big thank you. :)

  • This is incredibly useful, thankyou very much. Maybe in the future you can update this with more popular clients etc as well? Cheers

  • just debra

    Double-Kudos to you! Thanks for such a great work.

  • alakazarm

    You should have added Thunderbird to the mac tests too…

  • Tek Boy

    Excellent work, guys — this really is an invaluable resource.

    After going over the list, I’ve decided against supporting Gmail, Lotus Notes and Eudora — they don’t support enough of the CSS spec to justify the effort. Excluding those clients, I think you’ll be able to achieve maximum compatibility across most of the major clients if you avoid supporting any of these CSS features covered in the article:

          The <style> element
                • <style> element in the <head>

          The <link> element
                • <link> element in the <head>
                • <link> element in the <body>

          CSS Selectors
                • e > f
                • e:focus
                • e+f
                • e[foo]
                • background-position
                • border-spacing
                • caption-side
                • empty-cells
                • filter
                • list-style-position
                • opacity
                • position
                • white-space

  • turd furgeson

    you must be the most bored person on the planet. also, any production designer worth their salt has this shit memorized. get a real job.

  • To sum these good tables up, here is a list of the things who should restrain to to be compatible with:

    Hotmail
    Yahoo! Mail
    Windows Live Mail

    PC
    Outlook 2003/OE
    AOL 9
    Thunderbird

    Mac
    Mac Mail
    Entourage

    (Forget GMail, Lotus Notes and Eudora)

    Here’s the list:

    CSS selectors

    « style » element in the « body »
    *
    e
    e:link
    e:active, e:hover
    e.className
    e#id
    e:first-line
    e:first-letter

    CSS Properties

    background-color
    border
    clear
    color
    display
    float
    font-family
    font-size
    font-style
    font-variant
    font-weight
    height
    letter-spacing
    line-height
    padding
    table-layout
    text-align
    text-decoration
    text-indent
    text-transform
    vertical-align
    visibility
    width
    word-spacing

    Thanks for the article!

  • I *love* you guys! :)
    Thanks for the extensive and invaluable work!
    Kudos

  • RARPSL

    I note that while you list Eudora for the Macintosh (which has poor internal HTML support and relies on “View in Browser” to do the heavy HTML rendering – to be fixed in forthcoming MacEudora 7.x whose native HTML rendering will use the MacOS X supplied Web Rendering engine) you ignore Windows Eudora which should score like IE since it uses the IE Rendering Engine for its Native Support (as well as, if requested in its settings, handing the HTML off to IE which launches and shows it in its own window [similar to what occurs on the Macintosh if you “View in Browser”]).

  • Cait

    I’ve noticed that you said that Yahoo doesn’t support background-position; however, when I do background: url(https://www.campaignmonitor.com/assets/uploads/image.gif) no-repeat bottom left; Yahoo seems to respect that. But if you break it down into background, background-repeat and background-position, then no Yahoo will not respect the background-position call.

    Would love to know if others can duplicate this.

  • What a great break down. Thanks for this?
    Would love to this expanded to cover position: relative and position : absolute. It could maybe be used to get around the lack of support for background-images.

  • Steve

    I have an HTML mail merge email going out with an invoice section i’d like printed on its own page. I can’t successfully force a page break before/after a section for a printed email. ‘page-break-after’ / ‘page-break-before’ don’t seem to register when printed through email though they work nicely printed from the web =

  • Thanks for all !!!!!!!!!!! It’s a very good guide.

  • Thanks for the info, i’m glad I finally found something usefull thx again!

    Donovan

  • Gary

    Created our first XHTML/CSS based email, and all went well… Google stripped everything out, but it degraded well.

    Outlook etc all fine too, though had to click the “Click here to download pictures” to get the backgrounds etc to all load up….

    HOWVER – Hotmail (or livemail which it is now) – displayed it a bit like outlook (without the backgrounds etc), but at a tiny scale… I assume there’s some sort of font-size inline css going on, and my font with font-size: 0.6em is becomming even smaller….

    Any ideas?

    Thanks
    Gary

  • Gary

    to confirm – it’s definately my:

    body {font-size: 0.6em;}

    Thats causing the issue… If i change it to a fixed 10px it’s fine. Shame the text cannot then be resized…

    It looks like LiveMail already includes a body font size (at 0.69em), so all sizes (in .em) are taken from this… Shame… looks like i’ll have to break accessibility guidelines and hard-code the text size to a specific pixel size.

  • Doug L

    Is anyone dealing with an issue whereby Word is set as the editor in Outlook 2003 of the recipients? The reason I ask is that I am having challenges when recipients forward my newsletter.

    I hand design using HTML/CSS, then load in the Stationery folder to send through Outlook. That part works brilliantly. I don’t use Word as my editor in Outlook. It’s when my recipients Word 2003 inserts enough MS specific XHTML/CSS that my layouts get distorted.

    Bottom, line design integrity is compromised when forwarded. I don’t know enough about MS CSS to understand how to design for it, outside using Word or Publisher as my source editor. Want to avoid that, but will compromise because my audience is strictly Outlook/Office 2003.

    Any advice or URLs to learn from will be most appreciated. Doug

  • Ed Purkiss

    Good lord, what a fantastic time saver. Thank you for the excellent, hard and detailed work – and particularly for sharing it!

  • Rio

    Seriously, that was sooo helpful! Thanks a milion!

    -Mario

  • Virdee

    Excellent work – this will save weeks worth of testing!!!

  • Excelent report!
    Thanks dude.

  • Good report. Thanks, thats saved a lot of work.

  • Allright…, now I only hope that somebody can tell me the HTML tags that PC E-mail clients can support in HTML e-mails. Anyone?!

  • Nice job! A lot of thanx!

  • Good review. I tried to design to another web email..and someones has no treatment of css…i design with older html without css

  • A very handy post…thanks! I’m taking my first plunge into HTML Email tomorrow. I’ll be using 1ShoppingCart to send out a multi-part/mime message. Have you done any testing on HTML only Emails vs multi-part/mime?

  • Tom

    On the other hand if your client demands consistency no matter what, or the CEO’s using Lotus Notes, you’ll have to dull down your design, stick with tables for layout and use only basic text formatting via CSS. You may even have to go down the inline CSS route.

    ————————————————–

    I disagree with the “dull down” part of this, I would love to use CSS on a daily basis but our clients want consitency and they don’t care what the HTML looks like. Web Design is not solely dependent on what particular mark-up you use.

    A table is a designers dream as it resembles a grid, there are tonnes of problems with the CSS model even for web pages, for example vertical positioning is virtually impossible. When I have to vertical position a form or survey for a landing page from an email, the fastest most efficent method is to use a table.

    Table based layout with CSS text styling is still the best way to go for email design, I wish the CSS support was better, but it’s not at a level where you could run a successful email production team on it.

  • alain williams

    Errr, you don’t get it — HTML email is a bad idea in the first place. Bloated, has security issues and many mail readers or organisation just won’t take it.

    A couple of blog entries that explain why in a bit more detail:
    http://blog.dave.org.uk/archives/000873.html

    http://blog.dave.org.uk/archives/000682.html

    If your marketing people insist on it, DO make sure that you send out a plain text attachment with the text in it.

  • Shahar Hesse

    Some readers override link styles, to get around this, add a style=”” inside the a tag…

    Also, on older tests I did (almost a year old now…) float and clear had minimal support, for lists with recipients on older os’s this might be an issue.

    thanks!!

  • Excellent work! Thank you!

  • Excelent Research.
    Thanks for posting such kind of information.

    Qaiser Mehmood Mughal
    —————————-
    Software Engineer
    Lahore – Pakistan.

  • Good review. I tried to design to another web email..and someones has no treatment of css…i design with older html without css

  • Great review… really useful tables.

    Upon poking around a bit, it seems gmail’s support actually changes some depending on what the element in you’re trying to define. For example, it maintains background-color of DIVs, but not of Headers, and it allows font settings in DIVs and Headers, but not in Paragraphs.

    I guess the rule of thumb is, if you really need something, test it out a few different ways, and then lean on degredation.

  • NiC

    We tested the Notes compatibility on the latest version we could download from the ..

  • Sweet! I found this very useful. Thank you! :)

  • Asam

    It the best site i have seen on CSS Support in Email. I’ll definatly save it in my bookmarks.
    Thank David Greiner thumb up for you

  • Great article I’ve ever seen on web, you da man

  • Jeet

    Great article!

    Does anyone have any experience with receiving html campaigns in Yahoo Mail “Beta”. I received a message from someone that had both html and plain text content but Yahoo Mail Beta displayed the plain text first (it actually displayed it twice; one below the other) and then displayed the html content. Pretty weird. Any feedback on your experience with the new Yahoo Mail? The style tag was part of the tag and Yahoo Mail Beta actually displayed the css code as part of the message.

  • Jeet, we’ll be publishing a full review of how the new Yahoo! Mail handles CSS in email (which is very well by the way) in the next few days.

  • Paul Mycroft

    I have already been using a CSS-based email solution and am just about to build a simple email MailBuild template for a new client and was wondering why there are 3 table-based templates in the Resources 3-pack whereas there exists a CSS-based template elsewhere on this site.

    Is this a deliberate move from Campaign Monitor to accommodate Outlook 2007? Which option should I take?

    Thanks!

  • Thank you so much for putting this together. I have been flying blind on most of these email clients, crossing my fingers that everything looked okay. Having this information is invaluable.

    As far as the CSS verses Tables debate, it’s nice to see we have a new realm in which to argue.

  • Mimidou

    Hello,

    Thanks for this page.

    Now OUTLOOK 2007 is here
    Here another case studied :)

    Just for information the Background image does not go under Outlook 2007

  • It’s possible things have changed in the year since this post. Gmail is rendering font-family just fine now.

  • Cheers Wayne, we plan on doing a major re-test and include lots of the newer email clients like Outlook 2007 and the new Yahoo beta real soon. Watch this space.

  • I would love to see this list updated with the new changes to Outlook 2007.

  • Bear

    Any idea when you’ll be updating this for Outlook 2007? This is such a great reference, I just can find anything like this for the mess that Outlook 2007 is now causing. Thanks!

  • Hello,

    Thenk you for this informations… :-)

  • steve

    great article, very helpful

  • Gabriel McCay

    Oh my god, I just finished up an HTML Email that took me about an hour to build, and 6 hours of browser / web-browser mail. I wish i had found this resource a couple days ago, From now on I will plan my approach.

  • rye

    Thanks!

    This is also a great guide to CSS in blog post.

  • Anyone have any experiance sending HTML Mail to rediff mail accounts? About 6 months ago all our images stopped working there.

  • Kiran

    Very, very nice! Great work and I appreciate it.

  • Skeller

    “Ellen de Graaf

    wrote on April 21, 2006 7:31 PM

    You indicate that Hotmail supports background-images, but it doesn’t unfortunately :(
    I noticed Hotmail removes any CSS rule that uses a url”

    I found the same thing…

  • Leo

    Thanks for the information. It is an useful article for me ;)

  • Apteka internetowa

    It’s very good article. Great site with very good look and perfect information… Thanks

  • Good stuff. I want to install it on my phone!

    I love this phone i might buy me one in fort lauderdale

  • It’s very good article. Great site with very good look and perfect information. I like it too

  • Very nice and well written guide. It’s very helpful to me, Thanks

  • Nice job! A lot of thanks

  • CSS is also heplfull in protecting your e-mail address from spam. You can for example make him written from right to left and change his verwing in CSS. Not 100% but always it is some wall to spiders.

  • Hi! the article was very useful for our project. Great! Guys you have done a wonderful study.

  • Nithiyanandhan

    Hey buddy’s

    I am facing one problem.My html formatted e-mail is displaying properly in outlook express.But if i fwd that html formatted mail to some others the html format is collapsed and go to ordinary mail not a formatted mail.past 10 days i am facing this problem.So anybody could you help me.Urgent

  • Thank you for the excellent, hard and detailed work – and particularly for sharing it!

  • Excellent. This is confirmation that we are not insane. Great resource!

  • Gry

    Excellent piece. Explains a lot of things about email I have received that didn’t look correct! And may also explain some porr results on certain mails I have sent.

  • I don’t use css in emails because then they are more larger.

  • NBA

    Excellent resource! Thanks for putting the time into simplifying this for us.

  • E_X_C_E_L_L_E_N_T_-_A_R_T_I_C_L_E, thanks (*_*)

  • Allright…, now I only hope that somebody can tell me the HTML tags that PC E-mail clients can support in HTML e-mails.

  • gdr

    Thanks for this useful post !

  • Very nice and well written guide. It’s very helpful to me, Thanks

  • Great site with very good look and perfect information.It’s very good article. Thanks

  • Thanks for the info, i’m glad I finally found something usefull thx again!

  • Thank, this article is useful for me.

  • Great resource! Excellent. This is confirmation that we are not insane.

  • Thanks a lot, CSS is quite a pain in the a….

  • Very nice and well written guide. It’s very helpful to me, Thanks

  • Michael – “Very nice and well written guide. It’s very helpful to me, Thanks”

    Good job.

  • I think these blog is really useful for new comers and Excellent resource list.
    It´s a very interesting Blog and simple answer of many questions.
    Keep up the good work!
    Thanks it helps me a lot…

  • Very nice and well written guide

  • bentodesign

    interesting that google remains the least friendly web based email when it comes to using css.

  • This is very helpful, and I find it an excellent resource. Thanks.

  • Thanks for taking the time to demystify the email minefield. Maybe someday we can stop pretending its 1990 when writing HTML emails.

  • Thats really great, david. Thanks for your fantastic work.

  • Thanks for this very good article. Can i translate this and insert on my site in Poland? Thanks and Greetings from Gdynia

  • Thanks for stuff.I was looking at the material over a large amount of time

  • Good lord, what a fantastic time saver. Thank you for the excellent, hard and detailed work – and particularly for sharing it!

  • This is very help ful , very nice and well written guide! Thanks! Good job. Thanks! Thanks!

  • Can u post some sample program about CSS

  • You’ll probably need to generalize a little here, because most of us have no idea what email environment each recipient is using.

  • Ana

    Very helpful!

    However, have you ever tried testing iCalendar emails (ex. meeting request) with html body in Outlook. CSS support is minimal at best. The following are not supported for sure: background-color, border.

    There are numerous others that I am not mentioning since I’m not done testing. :(

  • Hello,

    Great report, very handy. One thing it does not mention however is what email clients support the embedding of multipart/related images in CSS url() containers. AFAIK none of the clients support this, but finding this information out is quite hard so adding this into this report would make it definitive!

    Col

  • Thank you for the excellent, hard and detailed work – and particularly for sharing it! Good lord, what a fantastic time saver.

  • Good review. I tried to design to another web email..and someones has no treatment of css…i design with older html without css

  • Great work, i was go crazy to make a template compatible with all clients and webmails.

    Thanks a lot.

  • This is very helpful.

  • Good review. Thanks

  • Nice post! Sending elegantly formatted emails is always a problem especially with people using all the email clients in the world.

  • I don´t think that using css in e-mails is a good idea. many people i know (including me) have activated text-only for e-mail and for that is css pretty useless but anyway a good article.

  • Thanks for this side, now I know more. I’ll try to translate this article to my language and add it on my webside.Ogłoszenia

  • Thank you for the excellent, hard and detailed work – and particularly for sharing it! Good lord, what a fantastic time saver.

  • Thanks. I tried to design to another web email..and someones has no treatment of css.

  • If you are sending HTML emails in your marketing campaigns (and there’s lots to support that you should) you have probably come across some serious design issues when it comes to using CSS styling. I ran across a very comprehensive article over at Campaign Monitor that outlines what CSS elements, selectors and properties are and are not supported by the various email client environments such as Outlook and Yahoo.

  • I have an HTML mail merge email going out with an invoice section i’d like printed on its own page.

  • Thats great. Thanks for your work.

  • Excellent informations! Thank you for your work and sharing your knowledge

  • If you are sending HTML emails in your marketing campaigns (and there’s lots to support that you should) you have probably come across some serious design issues when it comes to using CSS styling. I ran across a very comprehensive article over at Campaign Monitor that outlines what CSS elements, selectors and properties are and are not supported by the various email client environments such as Outlook and Yahoo.
    this is good idea

  • However, have you ever tried testing iCalendar emails (ex. meeting request) with html body in Outlook. CSS support is minimal at best. The following are not supported for sure: background-color, border.

  • Jon

    awesome post… exactly what i was looking for

  • I have already been using a CSS-based email solution and am just about to build a simple email MailBuild template for a new client and was wondering why there are 3 table-based templates in the Resources 3-pack whereas there exists a CSS-based template elsewhere on this site.

  • Bwin, all of the templates we provide are actually table-based to a certain extent, as that’s the only way to achieve consistent rendering across the board. The newer templates have less reliance on tables for layout and make better use of CSS, but they still use tables for basic page structure.

  • Great work, i was go crazy to make a template compatible with all clients and webmails.

  • I have an HTML mail merge email going out with an invoice section i’d like printed on its own page.

  • Good article , thank You

  • Thanks a mil. That’s what I need!

  • This is awesome. Like some of the above comments you kind of guess sometimes what supports what because you just don’t have the time to test it all sometimes.

  • Thanks for very interesting article. btw. I really enjoyed reading all of your posts. It’s interesting to read ideas, and observations from someone else’s point of view… makes you think more.

  • This is very helpful, and I find it an excellent resource. Thanks.

  • Thanks for all, very good and helpful

  • Thats great. Thanks for your work.

  • xcellent. This is confirmation that we are not insane. Great resource!

  • I was using css in my mails without knowing this could be such a problem for all those different mail agents. I think I’m going to point this out in my class. Again it’s sad to see that the battle for consistency among utilities is going on…

  • Very well made article. MAny thanks for chart with Eudora. It will save lot of time!

  • Good article.
    Thanks for sharing.
    Regards from Poland.

  • Very nice, I was just creating a new email template and wondered what the support for CSS was in email clients? You more than answered my question. Kudos.

  • I was using css in my mails without knowing this could be such a problem for all those different mail agents

  • eater

    It is good to know that there are lots of people doing lots of work for me

  • Very useful post. Thanks.

  • MisterMmmh

    Yes! You have answer on one of my question for creating HTML emails .. many thanks!

  • Does anyone have any experience with receiving html campaigns in Yahoo Mail “Beta”. I received a message from someone that had both html and plain text content but Yahoo Mail Beta displayed the plain text first (it actually displayed it twice; one below the other) and then displayed the html content. Pretty weird. Any feedback on your experience with the new Yahoo Mail? The style tag was part of the tag and Yahoo Mail Beta actually displayed the css code as part of the message.

  • There are many useful informations in this great article…I really enjoy reading the whole blog that you write. Thanks!…

  • Thanks very much! This saves me a lot of time.

  • Thanks for sharing this..
    It saved me a lot of time trying to figure out why my efforts were going in vein..

  • Bloody email clients.

  • Thank you for posting this, bookmarked for reference.

  • I was using css in my mails without knowing this could be such a problem for all those different mail agents

  • Thank you for posting this, bookmarked for reference.

  • JamesM

    Awesome list!!! im being introduced to email based advertising and this is an essential website!

  • Great detailed article. Thank you for all of the hard work. We’ll definitely be putting this to good use.

  • Dan

    One very good post! It’s good to see up-to-date information on such a technical subject. I’d certainly like an html coder who can produce an email template to cover this! Any takers?

    I’d like to get some input on cutting-edge email forms.

    Please”>http://www.campaignmonitor.com/blog/archives/2006/03/a_guide_to_css_support_in_emai.html”>Please Contact Me

  • Tao

    Now I know why my email does not display correctly under Lotus Notes. Thanks for the sharing the chart.

  • Excellent information.

    Thanks for sharing such a good info.

  • Wonderful and informative web site.I used information from that site its great.

  • Thanks for the information. It is an useful article for me ;)

  • peter

    I hope that this isn’t a stupid question, is a element CSS? I’m a little fuzzy with what is CSS formatting and what is HTML.

  • peter

    Sorry, some words disappeared. I hope that this isn’t a stupid question, is a style element CSS? I’m a little fuzzy with what is CSS formatting and what is HTML.

  • : Evden Eve Nakliyat , Ofisten Ofise Taşımacılık, ≈ûehirlerarası Taşımacılık, ≈ûehirlerarası Nakliyat evden eve nakliyat, ofisten ofise nakliyat, nakliyat firması, ofisten ofise taşımacılık şirketleri, şehirlerarası nakliyat, özel eşya taşımacılığı, gıda taşımacılığı, şirket taşımacılığı, fabrika taşımacılığı, depolama, nakliyat

  • Temizlik malzemesi, temizlik malzemeleri, temizlik malzemesi satışı alımı fiyatları , temizlik malzemesi bedava

  • Jinn

    Good one,
    I am making newsletter features and multi-mail clients are killing me.
    >.Good one,
    I am making newsletter features and multi-mail clients are killing me.
    >.<

  • I’will not use a css in my mail. This is non sens !!

  • Thomas

    Great list, although including Outlook 2007 would be very helpful. I’m not sure if it was out though when the list was made…Outlook 2007 CSS support is awful, mainly it’s lack of support for position and float attributes. Check out this article for details.

  • Porkster

    Thanks for the chart! It’s very, very helpful, especially since I’ve just been figuring out what CSS tags to use simply by trial and error, creating various HTML code bits to send to multiple email clients, and the best part is that the HTML mailer program takes ten minutes to send something. LOL, fun times indeed. Sarcasm aside, I’m looking forward to the update when you include Outlook 2007.

  • Thanks a lot for the list. I’m glad to see most of the css inline style will work. Does anyone know of a free HTML sender? I need to do some testing on all of my email accounts.

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